Cerebral palsy is a term used to describe a set of neurological conditions that affect movement. It is the most common form of childhood disability.
It affects around 764,000 individuals in the United States.
The condition makes it hard to move certain parts of the body. There are many degrees of severity.
Because of damage to certain parts of the brain, voluntary or involuntary movements or both can be affected.
Cerebral palsy is not contagious, it does not necessarily affect intelligence or cognitive ability, and it is not progressive, so it does not get worse with age. Some people find that symptoms improve over time.
People with cerebral palsy tend to have a normal lifespan, and in many cases, a good quality of life can be expected.
The cerebrum is the upper part of the human brain.
Muscle control takes place in a part of the brain called the cerebrum. The cerebrum is the upper part of the brain. Damage to the cerebrum before, during, or within 5 years of birth can cause cerebral palsy.
The cerebrum is also responsible for memory, ability to learn, and communication skills. This is why some people with cerebral palsy have problems with communication and learning. Cerebrum damage can sometimes affect vision and hearing.
Some newborns are deprived of oxygen during labor and delivery.
In the past, it was thought that this lack of oxygen during birth led to the brain damage.
However, during the 1980s, research showed that fewer than 1 in 10 cases of cerebral palsy stem from oxygen deprivation during birth.
Most often, the damage occurs before birth, probably during the first 6 months of pregnancy.
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL)
PVL is a kind of damage that affects the brain’s white matter because of a lack of oxygen in the womb.
It may occur if the mother has an infection during pregnancy, such as rubella or German measles, low blood pressure, preterm delivery, or if she uses an illegal drug.
Abnormal development of the brain
Disruption of brain development can affect the way the brain commu