By Bernice Bessey .
The Environment Protection Agency (EPA), in collaboration with the International Labour Organisation (ILO), is holding a four-day workshop on “Macro-economic Model Framework to Assess Social and Employment Impacts on Responses of Nationally Determined Contribution (NDCs) in Ghana (GJAM).”
The workshop, which is the first of its kind organised in the country, was designed to help the country develop a strategic plan to stimulate economic growth, employment, income and other aspects of the economy.
The workshop also seeks to generate knowledge and development policy response transition in the country by using the Green Jobs Assessment Model (GJAM).
Mr John A. Pwamang, Acting Executive Director of the EPA, at the second day of the workshop yesterday in Accra, indicated that despite the low levels of greenhouse gas emissions, Ghana is highly venerable to the impacts of climate change.
According to him, as part of global efforts to tackle climate change, Ghana formulated its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in 2015, and has since identified 20 migration and 11 adaptation programmes of actions in seven priority economic sectors for the implementation over a ten-year period.
The implementation of these actions is sure to help the country attain low carbon climate resilience effective adaptation and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction between 2020 to 2030, and has the under listed sectors as priority areas.
These sectors are sustainable land use, including food security, climate proof infrastructure, equitable social development, sustainable mass transportation, sustainable energy security, sustainable forest management and alternative urban waste management.
Since the implementation of these 31 programmes will be over a ten-year period, Ghana is estimated to need a US$22.6 billion investment from domestic and international, public and private sources.
Furthermore, it needs US$6.3 billion from domestic sources to achieve 15% unconditional emission reductions below BAU, and an additional 30% conditional reduction below BAU, with international support of US$16.3 billion.
Mr Pwamang added that the government of Ghana, being aware of the threat unemployment and under-employment pose to the country’s national stability, economic growth and development had shown commitment to ensure the citizens have decent jobs.
“The need to mainstream employment issues in the development agenda of the Ghana as also indicated in the National Medium-Term Development Framework (NMTDF) prepared by the National Development Planning Commission (NDPAC).
“There is also an increasing recognition that environmental challenge and employment and social issues are interconnected. The combination of the climate change impacts affects the livelihoods of about 60% of Ghanaians,” he noted.
He said there was a need for an integrated and coherent policy response that will ensure a shift in the direction of more sustainable and resilient economies, so jobs opportunities are maximised and possible negative social impacts are minimised and addressed.
“For such a transformation to occur at a desirable pace, the economic gains in the past must be sustained and improved upon in the years ahead,” he stated.
Being specific about the training, which has representatives from various sectors of the economy, he added that the ILO’s approach was to build capacity of the government and national institutions to develop a coherent nationally-owned green jobs model for its development planning to maximise employment opportunities.
Marek Harsdorff, an Economist with the ILO, said the training will look at climate change and response policies, model design, capacity building in respect to the country’s needs, and policy makers needs and among others.
He said the objective was to provide guide statistics and accounting in the future, as well as establish an integrated system of environment and economic accounting.