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Police can shoot you if you’re a troublemaker -Prof Mensah-Bonsu

botchway March 12, 2019


By Bernice Bessey                        .

A Criminal Law Professor at the University of Ghana (UG), Legon and a key member of the just-ended Justice Emile Short Commission of Inquiry, Prof Henrietta Mensah-Bonsu, has offered free tutorials to one of the witnesses who testified before the commission.

Prof Mensah-Bonsu taught the witness, Hamidu Amadu, who said he called on the crowd to drive the security operatives away, a lesson that the police can shoot at their official discretion, a group leader who is giving them trouble.

The law professor told the witness, who, she said had made himself a leader to resist a group that was carrying out an official function, that he bought trouble upon himself.

This was as Mr Amadu told the Commission that he was brutally assaulted by the security operatives, who, he claimed, beat him mercilessly with a chain, baton and other things.

Mr Amadu, who initially tried to portray some knowledge in security matters, however, was asked some basic questions that gave him away.

On Thursday, March 7, 2019, which was the Short Commission’s last but one sitting, lawyer Eric Osei-Mensah, Counsel for the Commission, as usual, set the motion for the witness to say what he knew about the Awayaso West Wuogon by-election violence.  The lawyer started by welcoming the witness, which followed with a question.

Question (Q):  Now, would you for the purposes of the records state your full name to the Commission?

Answer (A): My name is Hamidu Amadu.

  1. Which of the following names is your surname?
  2. Amadu.
  3. Very well, Mr Amadu, you’re welcome.
  4. Thank you.
  5. Mr Amadu, What do you do by way of profession?
  6. I supply pure water.
  7. Mr Amadu, for the records, where do you live?
  8. I live at Maamobi.
  9. On the 31st of January 2019 were you anywhere in the Ayawaso West Wuogon Constituency?
  10. Yes, my lord.
  11. What time were you there?
  12. I was there around 6:00 am.
  13. Will you able to tell the commission what took you there on that day?
  14. Yes, my lord, I will be able to tell the Commission all that happened at the place.
  15. Very well, the Commission is ready to listen. What took you there?
  16. My lord on that faithful day, I went there to represent the NDC as Branch Chairman for North Ayawaso.
  17. Mr Amidu, is Ayawaso North the same as Ayawaso West Constituency?
  18. My lord, they are not the same.
  19. Now, you said that you were there to represent the NDC. Will you please tell the Commission what you mean by that?
  20. My Lord, I am the Branch Chairman for NDC Ayawaso North Constituency, and in any election that pertains to NDC in a different jurisdiction, as a Branch Chairman, you can go there to throw your support.
  21. Mr Amidu, are you saying that all party chairmen of NDC are required to be present within a constituency where a by-election is going-on? Is that what you’re saying?
  22. My lord, when you are a Branch Chairman and you have the time that you can go to other jurisdictions to throw your support, you’re obliged to do that.
  23. Mr Amidu, if you say throw your support, what do you mean by that?
  24. I was called upon to come and help to supply rice water and bread to the polling agents.
  25. Mr Amidu, how did you travel to the constituency?
  26. I went by transport.
  27. If you say transport, will you clarify that for the Commission?
  28. I went there in trotro (public transport).
  29. Did you go to the Ayawaso West Wuogon Constituency alone, or you were in a group?
  30. My lord, I went there alone.
  31. Did you in that morning, find yourself anywhere in the area around the house of the NDC parliamentary candidate?
  32. Yes, my lord, I was around that area. I went to the house of the candidate.
  33. What took you there?
  34. I went there to share rice water and bread to the polling agents.
  35. Mr. Amidu, you will agree with me that the parliamentary candidate’s house is not a polling station?
  36. Yes, the house of the PC is not a polling station, but I was there to assist with the distribution of the rice water and bread to the polling agents. It was his house that we were going to take the rice water and supply to the polling agents.
  37. How many of you were supposed to be carrying this rice water, and where were you supposed to distribute them?
  38. We were five in a number.
  39. Can you identify all the five?
  40. Out of the five, I can identify only one person, since we all came from our individual locations.
  41. Who is this one person?
  42. The gentleman who lives in the house of the candidate.
  43. What is his name?
  44. My lord, I don’t know his name.
  45. Did you meet other people at the candidate’s house?
  46. Yes, my lord.
  47. How many, in your estimation?
  48. On that faithful day, I went with others going to the candidate’s house and we were going to pick the rice water into a Mahindra pickup. Then I saw some gentlemen – some of them were in black T-shirts, some in brown trousers, desert boots, and they were many.
  49. What T-shirt was that?
  50. When I went with others to pick the rice water from the candidate’s house into a Mahindra pickup, then I saw some gentlemen in black T-shirts and brown trousers.
  51. Now, are you telling the Commission that when you arrived at 7:00, these gentlemen that you just described were present, is that what you are saying?
  52. At time they were not around.
  53. So back to my question. My question is how many people did you meet around the vicinity of the parliamentary candidate’s house, specifically, in front of the house?
  54. When I got there round 6:00, there were some individuals, who were standing around and they were scattered. So I cannot specifically give a number.
  55. Very well, can you give an estimate?
  56. They will be approximately 20 to 25.
  57. Now, before the men in black and brown uniform arrived, how many people would you say, in your estimation, were around the vicinity, just before the men arrived?
  58. Before those men in black T-shirts and brown trousers arrived, there were some people around, so I and my colleagues came out of the candidate’s house with the food.
  59. Are you able to put a number to those who were around, an estimate please?
  60. They may be about 100.
  61. Were they all men?
  62. They were mixed up – men and women.
  63. Will you be in a position to tell the Commission what their mission was?
  64. No my lord, I cannot tell what brought them there.
  65. Now, at what time did these men in black and brown uniform arrived?
  66. In my estimation, it will be around 7:30-8:00.
  67. So you are telling the Commission that you were in the parliamentary candidate’s house to help with distribution of food, and you arrived at 6:00, and as at 7:30-8:00, you were still around? Is that what you are saying?
  68. Yes, my lord.
  69. Where were you when those men in black and brown uniform arrived?
  70. That time the pickup was parked in the candidate’s compound, and we drove it outside, before the food was brought into the vehicle.
  71. So, specifically, where were you, inside the house or outside the house?
  72. I was outside the house.
  73. Now, the Commission has been told that these gentlemen you just described – those in black and brown uniform – were attracted to the scene by a gunshot?
  74. My lord that is true, there were some gunshots.
  75. Before the men arrived?
  76. There were no gunshots before their arrival. It was on their arrival. They were coming with troops in a pickup, and the people ordered us to lie down.
  77. Mr Amidu, my question was about a gunshot. Let me repeat the question. According to evidence before the Commission, the men in black and brown were attracted by a gunshot. Did you witness that?
  78. My lord, that is not true.
  79. Now, according to you, you were outside when they arrived. Did you actually see them when they arrived?
  80. Yes, I was just by the pickup outside when they arrived.
  81. Now, which part or area in front of the PC’s house was your pick up?
  82. Just in front of the candidate’s house.
  83. How many were you in the pickup?
  84. We have not yet on board the vehicle.
  85. From which direction did they come?
  86. They came from the frontage of the candidate’s house.
  87. Mr Amidu, there are two different ways to get to the candidate’s house; one of them is, from the direction of the school, and the other is the main Street. Which of these did the men use?
  88. Some of them came from the direction of the school to the candidate’s house.
  89. And the others?
  90. I saw only those who came from the school’s direction.
  91. How many were they?
  92. They were many.
  93. Can you guess?
  94. They were about 30 to 35.
  95. Very well. Mr Amidu, you’re in front of the candidate’s house; men dressed in black and brown arrived, and from where you were standing, can you tell the commission what happened?
  96. My lord, I can describe it.
  97. Very well, go ahead.
  98. When we were in front of the candidate’s house, these people in brown trousers and black shirts came and ordered us to lie on the ground. While we were lying down, one of the black T-shirts and brown trousers men entered into the pickup and removed our ignition key.

When I saw that the gentleman removed the ignition key, I stood up and confronted him. I asked him why he should remove the ignition key. He replied that they wanted to search the car. I asked for their search warrant, but he showed me a tag around his neck that it was their warrant.

Then I told them that, that tag is not a warrant. Then one of them came from behind and told him that, why do you have to waste your time listening to this gentleman who is asking all these questions, why don’t you slap him.

I told my people, these people are not police officers. I stood up and asked my colleagues to also stand, and we told them that look, we don’t want any trouble, so they should leave the place. Then an argument ensued between us. Then I was also following them demanding for our ignition key.

And, they were going backwards. While they were going backwards, they got to the candidate’s main entrance, and that time the crowd was numbering there, one of them pulled out a gun and shot it. The truth of the matter is that he fired six times. When they gave the six shots, we run to hide somewhere. While I was in my hideout, I saw Mr Sam George appearing. When he appeared, we told him that the guys have taken our ignition key.

Hon Sam George told us to wait and that he will go and collect the ignition key for us.  When Hon Sam George was approaching them, we heard other gunshots, so quickly, he went into hiding. After some time, the gunshots stopped, then I came out and saw Hon Sam George on the park, so I went up to him.

At the park, one of them identified me and said, were you not the one asking of warrant? You are now on the park here; ask of your warrant again.  At that time, I had some lashes, so I took to my heels and I was chased. I, then, identified one guy from my area, so I started mentioning his name. I was shouting and calling out his name, but he didn’t mind me. Then, they pounced on me and beat me up.

Then the policeman in the uniform came to my aide. I was put into a pickup to the East Legon police station. There, I was detained.  There, I heard some of our big men have arrived at the station and they wanted to inquire where we were. And, they were told we were in the cell. The police allowed the big men to interact with us, and they told us we should wait and that they will return.

I don’t know what transpired between them – the big men and the police officers – later, we were asked to come out of the cell and dress up. After that, we were issued with police medical forms, and were conveyed to the hospital for treatment. Later before I saw the video on UTV.

  1. Very well, before you go into videos and television, will you stay with me in front of the candidate’s house? Now, Mr Amidu, according to you, these men in brown and black, when they arrived, asked you and the others to lie down. Is that the case?
  2. That it is, my lord.
  3. And, you asked of their search warrant, is that the case?
  4. Yes, when we were asked to lie down I got up and asked them for the warrant.
  5. These men, were they armed?
  6. Yes, my lord, they were holding weapons. Some of them were covered with certain things on their faces.
  7. According to you, you told your colleagues that these men were not police officers, is that the case?
  8. Yes, my lord that is so.
  9. Now, what made you think that they were not police officers?
  10. My lord, the way and manner that they came, and how they ordered us to lie down.
  11. You saw men numbering over 30 approaching, and yet, you confronted them. Is that what you are saying?
  12. The way and manner they came, that was why I mustered the courage to get up and ask them.
  13. You were not even afraid for your life?
  14. I didn’t panic.
  15. Have you received any form of military training?
  16. No, my lord.
  17. You told the Commission that these men, numbering over 30, you ordered them to leave, is that the case?
  18. What I meant was that, I shouted for some people to come, since these people are not police officers, and for that matter, we should sack them from the place.
  19. You will agree with me, wouldn’t you, that you incited the crowd?
  20. No, I only shouted for help.
  21. Mr Amidu, you will agree with me that you incited the crowd against these men in black and brown by your action?
  22. That was not my intention.
  23. You will also agree with me that your action actually caused the crowd to start the commotion. Would you agree with me on that?
  24. Because one of them behind told the guy whom I was asking for the warrant to slap me, that was what actually prompted me to shout for help from others.
  25. These gentlemen in black and brown, did they make any attempt to enter the parliamentary candidate’s house at that point?
  26. They were at the other side of the house, but I can’t tell whether they entered the candidate’s house or not.
  27. Are you able to tell the commission, exactly where the first confrontation took place. Was it in front of the parliamentary candidate’s gate, the side of it, from the direction of the school, or the other direction?
  28. They were coming from the direction of the school, where there are some trees planted by a short wall. That is the direction that people came from.
  29. Now, you said while you were hiding you saw Hon Sam George, am I right?
  30. Yes, my lord.
  31. That was before you have heard the six gunshots, is that the case?
  32. No, my lord.
  33. So, is it the case that you saw Hon Sam George before the first gunshot?
  34. When they (security operatives) engaged us with the confrontation, the six gunshots were fired before Hon Sam George arrived. That was the reason we went and hide.
  35. Were there other gunshots when Hon Sam George was around?
  36. Before the arrival of Hon Sam George there were some gunshots, and at that time I have hidden myself somewhere.
  37. Where exactly were you hiding?
  38. Before, Hon Sam George came the six gunshots were fired already. We were hidden, and after that, there were some other gunshots that were fired, but that time we were in our hideouts.
  39. Mr Amidu, can you tell the commission exactly where you were hiding when Hon Sam George arrived?
  40. That time, my other colleagues had also find their way but I found myself behind a white pickup just in front of the candidate’s house, by the wall.
  41. Where were these men?
  42. They were at the other side of the pickup firing their gunshots but I had hidden just behind a white pickup.
  43. Which other side of the pickup, is it the same pickup you were hiding behind or another pickup?
  44. They have left the Mahindra pickup to the other side of the house. They were just in front of the main gate – painted black. That was where the Mahindra pickup was parked?
  45. Mr Amidu, from you hideout could you see everything?
  46. From my hideout, I could see what was happening through the glass of the pickup.
  47. What was happening at that point?
  48. At that time they were still firing but I didn’t want to come out. But they were firing.
  49. According to you, when Hon Sam George arrived, you came out of your hideout and went to complain about a key. Is that the case?
  50. At the time, I was not in my hideout when Hon Sam George came.
  51. Had the firing ceased?
  52. Just after the six gunshots that I saw Hon Sam George coming. Then we came out to meet him and complained to him. By then he just came out of the crowd, and we saw him and approached him. We told him that look, these gentlemen have taken our ignition key. So we complained to him and told us he will get it for us.

Lawyer: Mr Amidu watch this video with me. Mr Amidu, did you have a good look?

  1. Yes my lord.
  2. You saw everything, right?
  3. What I saw was that the person took the video from upstairs, but if it had been taken from ground level, you would have seen the pickup that I’m talking about.
  4. Very well, were you present at the scene?
  5. Yes, my lord I was around.
  6. Was this before or after the first six gunshots?
  7. It was in this confusion that these six gunshots were fired
  8. Are you able to tell the commission what exactly was going on in that scene?
  9. At that time, there was some kind of argument between us, that we handover our ignition key to them. It was that time that the confrontation started.
  10. Now the Commission has been told by one of the members of the SWAT team that on their arrival they were asked to search the people around, is that the case?
  11. I’m not privy to that.
  12. The Commission has also been told that, initially, the people around, if you were one of them, agreed to be searched?
  13. What I know is that when they came, they said they wanted to search the pickup, then I asked them of their warrant.
  14. The Commission has been told that the people around, that is if you were there, were cooperating before Hon George arrived. What do you say to that?
  15. That is not true.
  16. The people you were with, did they throw stones at these men?
  17. At time, I was struggling to collect the key, so I did not see with my naked eyes stones being thrown at them.
  18. What time?
  19. At that time, we were struggling at the frontage of the candidate’s house, so I don’t know the exact time you’re talking about.
  20. Did you see water being splashed or thrown at the men in black and brown?
  21. I cannot say anything about that.
  22. From your hideout you, you heard the gunshots, am I right?
  23. I want to know whether the first gunshots or the second one?
  24. The first one, you were hiding, from your evidence, and the second one, you were where.
  25. The first six gunshots happened before Hon Sam George arrived. When we saw him coming, we approached him and told him these people have taken our ignition key. And, he said we should wait he will go and collect it for them. So as he was approaching the people we heard another gunshot. That time, I took cover somewhere.
  26. From your hideout are you able to, at least, tell the number of gunshots. Can you estimate, is that possible?
  27. It was a lot of gunshots, so I cannot specifically say two, three or four…
  28. The Commission had been told that there were gunshots from the men in brown and black, and gunshots from the other group. Did you witness that?
  29. After the six gunshots were shot was when Hon Sam George came, and I told him that these people had taken our ignition key. The subsequent gunshots I was hidden. Where I saw Hon Sam George was at the park, where I was identified by one other person, and I was beaten up. For me to see other people firing gunshots, that one I cannot testify to that.
  30. Very well, Mr Amidu, while you were present, did you see any of the men belonging to your group sustaining injuries?
  31. I saw some guys with wounds, but I was not with them.
  32. Was it after you have come out of your hideout that you saw these people?
  33. It was after I came out of my hideout that I saw them.
  34. So then, you wouldn’t be in the position to tell how they sustained the injuries, am I right?
  35. I was at the park that I was picked up by the police and sent to the East Legon police station. What happened behind me, I can’t tell.
  36. Now, you have told the Commission of being attacked at the park, did you sustain any injuries?
  37. Yes.
  38. What exactly?
  39. I was beaten up with chain on my arms, back, part of my body, my face, especially my eyes.
  40. Were you given a medical form at the police station?
  41. Yes, my lord. I was given a medical form.
  42. To which hospital?
  43. I was sent to East Legon hospital.
  44. Did you return the form to the police?
  45. On our arrival at the hospital, after the treatment the big men came around and collected all the medical reports, that they will be sending them to the doctor to endorse for us.
  46. You have mentioned big men a number of times. These big men, who are you referring to?
  47. I am referring to Hon Collins Dauda and Hon Ussif Jajah.
  48. Are you able to tell the commission how long you were in the police station before you were taken to the hospital?
  49. We stayed there for an hour.

Lawyer: Mr Amadu, what I want you to do is to take a closer look at this video and if it is possible to point yourself in the video to the Commission.

After watching the video, the witness told the commission he could not identify himself in the video.

Lawyer: Mr Chairman, your witness.

Counsel for the witness: We have a video here I want to tender.

Chairman: Which video is this?

Counsel: We gave it to the administrator, I think four days ago. [Chairman orders the clerk to go and find out from the administrator]

Chairman: Mr Amadu, I think you are a very brave man.

  1. Not so my lord.
  2. These men you described were armed, and some of them were masked?
  3. That is so my Lord.
  4. And, yet you were able to challenge them?
  5. The reason why I confronted them was that one of them spoke in Hausa that, look, you are listening to this gentleman, why don’t you slap him. That was what prompted me to also talk to them.
  6. You said they told you to lie down. How many of lay down before you said you got up?
  7. There were four of us, including the driver, so five.
  8. Five people.
  9. Five of us were asked to lie down.
  10. But there were a lot of people there, apart from the five. So which five people were asked to lie down?
  11. My lord, the five of us were the people that took the food from the candidate’s house into the pickup with the intention of going around and distribute it to the polling agents. I know the five of us. We were together.
  12. And it was those five people that were asked to lie down?
  13. When the people came, they came straight to us, and we that were in the pickup were asked to lie down – that they want to search the pickup.
  14. You asked them of their search warrant?
  15. Yes, my lord.
  16. You know the law about search warrant?
  17. I had education on warrants through a television programme, where police officers were interviewed about warrants or about searching of a house or something of the sort. There was a need you ask for their search warrant. That is where I got my education from.
  18. Now, you said you came to the candidate’s house around 6:00, 6:30 and there were about 30 people there, how many of them did you recognise?
  19. Those people that I met I can’t identify them.
  20. And you said by the time these people who were dressed black T-shirts and brown khaki arrived around 7:30, the crowd was about 100?
  21. Yes, my lord, before their arrival, there were many people around, numbering about that 100.
  22. Where did they come from?
  23. I cannot actually tell where they were coming from.
  24. And, can you identify any of the people among the crowd?
  25. I recall the gentleman that is in the house of the candidate that I mentioned earlier on…
  26. Do you know this group called the Hawks?
  27. I have heard the name but I don’t know them.
  28. Do know Rashid, Theophilus?
  29. I don’t know them.
  30. How did you sustain your injuries?
  31. It got to a point that when I was running and was I being chased by the people in black T-shirts and brown trousers, they caught up with and beat me with chains and boot me down…
  32. And you also said you did not know how your other colleagues sustained their injuries, or how they got their injuries, right?
  33. That when I was in my hideout and I saw Hon Sam George on the park, then I also rushed to him at the park. So I did not see who was beaten and how they sustained their injuries.
  34. At the police station did you see someone with a blood stain on the vest?
  35. Together we were put in the cell.
  36. The six shots that you heard, were they fired by a single individual? Was it one person who shot the gun six times or there were other people?
  37. With the six gunshots that I heard, I saw one person doing that.
  38. You saw the person?
  39. Yes, I saw the person firing six shots.
  40. Who was the person?
  41. My lord I cannot identify the person. My lord, due to the way he dressed. He was masked, so I cannot identify him.

Prof Henrietta Mensah-Bonsu: thank you Mr Amadu.

  1. You said you supply pure water?
  2. Yeah
  3. How long have you been doing this?
  4. I am into this business for almost seven years now.
  5. Did you take some of the water to the candidate’s house to serve the people?
  6. Because of the election I didn’t go to work.
  7. You said you took rice water to a Mahindra pickup?
  8. We carried the rice water into the pickup…to distribute to the polling agents.
  9. In what receptacle was the rice water?
  10. The rice water was in an ice chest.
  11. How were the polling agents going to eat the rice water?
  12. They were served in small containers. They were served in small containers and when we arrive at the polling stations, we will serve the food to the polling agents.
  13. So there small containers on the vehicle as well?
  14. They were served in those small containers as a package.
  15. So what happened to the food in all these confusion?
  16. After the confusion I was sent to the police station and detained, so I wouldn’t know what happened to the food.
  17. Had you boarded the pickup before the black and brown men came?
  18. That’s so my lord.
  19. So they asked you to get off the vehicle?
  20. Yes, my lord. I was asked to come down off the vehicle.
  21. [To the translator: From what you translated it was like he wasn’t in the vehicle]. You were asked to lie down?
  22. When I was on board of the vehicle I was asked to get down and lie down.
  23. Did you say you saw the one who fired the six gunshots?
  24. I saw him but I didn’t see his face.
  25. So when you were asked lie down, you didn’t lie down?
  26. When I was instructed, I lay down and got up again.
  27. So when did you hear somebody saying, why don’t you slap him in Hausa?
  28. At the time I was requesting for their warrant.
  29. But you said the way they were carrying themselves, you decided that they were not police that is why you got up?
  30. When they asked me to lie down, I got up again.
  31. Did you lie down first?
  32. Yes.
  33. When did you form the opinion that they were not police?
  34. When I requested for their warrant and he showed me a tag around his neck. When I saw the tag and I realised that this was not a warrant. That was when I formed the opinion that they were not police.
  35. Then you called upon the crowd to attack them?
  36. When I requested for the warrant, and the showed me a tag, and one behind said why don’t you slap him, and he said that in Hausa, that was where I asked the crowd to come and help because they are not police officers. They should come and help me drive them away.
  37. So about 30 to 35 people came to the place armed and all that, and they asked them to do things and you decided they were not police. They show you something… Have you ever seen a warrant?
  38. I don’t know what a warrant is, but due to the media, I have received education on warrant.
  39. How did you know what they shown you was not a warrant?
  40. The tag the guy showed me; all of them were wearing same tag.
  41. So all of them couldn’t be wearing the warrant?
  42. That is so.
  43. So you invited over 100 people to attack and drive away 30 or 35 people, who were… authority to be where they were. Did you not threaten them?
  44. That was not so, but when they collected the ignition key from us, I was like they should give us the key, and they refused, so I called other people around to assist.
  45. To come and hold them down and take the key?
  46. That was not my intention to call the crowd to come and fight these people. When they took the ignition key, I realised that they were not police officers and if they should send the key away, the food onboard the vehicle will go bad, that was why I was pleading that they return the key back to me.
  47. Do you know all the police in Ghana?
  48. No, my lord, I don’t know all the police in Ghana.
  49. When he led the crowd to resist this group that obviously had come as a group, even if they were not police…but some other official unit, did you not bring trouble upon yourself?
  50. My lord that was not my intention…that I can convey the food, and wasn’t because I wanted to create confusion.
  51. So you made yourself a leader of a group of people and you didn’t know them?
  52. My lord that is not so.
  53. You said you shouted that the people are not police, so all the others should come and drive them away?
  54. My lord not to come and drive them away, but to assist collect the key for me.
  55. Do you know that, that is how lynching begins?
  56. My lord, I don’t know that.
  57. Do you realise that in threatening that group, you caused them to fire warning shots?
  58. I don’t know that.
  59. So the crowd started running?
  60. Yes, when they heard of the gunshots, the crowd, including myself, run away.
  61. But we have evidence that some of the crowd returned fire?
  62. As for that I do not know.
  63. So you had no idea what caused the extra firing, because you didn’t see?
  64. That is so.
  65. Do you know that the police have officially discretion to shoot at leader of a group that is giving them trouble?
  66. I don’t know.
  67. You don’t know so much about these things, and, yet, you made yourself a leader to resist a group that was carrying out an official function?
  68. That is not want I meant, and that when I asked them the question of the warrant, and they were not able to justify themselves, that was why I called for assistance. My lord, that was not so, but rather to get the key of the vehicle.
  69. So if you were not going to attack them, how were you going to get the key?
  70. That was why we were following them, pleading that they do give us the key.
  71. The crowd we saw was not following anybody?
  72. When the people came the crowd was so much that…

Patrick: He says that there a warning shots and he said there were about six shots?

  1. My lord, the first shot was six.
  2. He was it, rapid or single?
  3. It was in singles.
  4. He was counting?
  5. The time they were firing, the counting…
  6. Where was he?
  7. At that time I was behind our vehicle. First one was two shots, ‘pow-pow’. After that they continue.
  8. How many more?
  9. After that, they shot four.
  10. The first two, then he run. Did you see the person doing the firing?
  11. When the man took the gun…he started shooting, then I run away.
  12. Did you see the gun?
  13. It was small gun.
  14. Does it mean that the man was shooting upwards?
  15. Yes, my lord, he was firing upwards.
  16. Later on, in the confusion, did you say, when the other gunshots were fired he was not around any of those places?
  17. I was hidden behind the car.
  18. And all those shots, did he count?
  19. I was struggling for myself, so I didn’t count.
  20. So the first group of gunshots, you were not afraid?
  21. That is why I run away to hide.
  22. To where?
  23. Behind a car
  24. But you were hiding behind a care. How far were you from those who were shooting?
  25. They were not too far. They were standing opposite, and they surrounded us. So when he heard the first shot, I passed the other side and went and hide behind the pickup.
  26. You, the people holding the weapons surrounded them?
  27. Not all of them, my lord
  28. About how many of them surrounded you?
  29. When they collect the ignition key and were pursuing them towards the park, they were moving backwards and we were also following them to the point where the shooting started.
  30. I am not at the first point where they shot ‘pow-pow’ –two and ‘pow-pow’- four. I have gone beyond that. I’m talking about the other shots. He said there were other several shots, he couldn’t…
  31. When they started the firing I have run away and hid myself behind a vehicle.
  32. But he said there were several shots?
  33. I was pleading when I saw them; I did not want any bullet to touch me.
  34. The first one you counted it, six, and from your hideout, the people were very close and they were firing several gunshots, and those ones you did not count them.
  35. My lord I don’t know about that.
  36. There was no second group of firing?
  37. After the first shots, Hon Sam George came, and when we approached and told him that our ignition key had been seized, the second gunshots were fired.
  38. He heard only six shot that day?
  39. After six gunshots there were subsequently shots, and he was hiding himself.
  40. Did he see them?
  41. Those in black T-shirts and brown trousers.
  42. They were about how many?
  43. They lined up and they were firing.
  44. How many, were they more than five, 10?
  45. They were about 18.
  46. Were they shooting up or down?
  47. Some were firing up, others down.
  48. How many were doing the straight shooting?
  49. One person firing down, I took to my heels.
  50. Were you injured when you run to the park?
  51. No, it was when I came out of my hideout and I went to Sam George.


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