By Agnes Ansah .
A report by the Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER) has identified ineffective leadership as the leading cause of corruption in the country.
The report, dubbed ‘State of Ghanaian Economy’ also identified lack of sanctions for corrupt culprits and excessive bureaucracy as other factors of corruption.
According to the report, the aforementioned factors weaken and corrode governance, security and development in the country.
The report, which was launched yesterday at the ISSER Faculty at the University of Ghana, Legon, sought to analyze the various sectors of the Ghanaian economy, with its specific performance indicators.
It examined the employment, crude oil and fuel prices, services, industry, and agriculture sectors, and observed that a fall or rise in these indicators were dependent on good governance.
Prof. Felix Ankomah Asante, Director, ISSER, who presented the report on the Faculty’s behalf, stated that despite the positive figures seen in these indicators, “good governance is what it takes to translate them into development.”
He observed that Ghana scored 40 percent in the 2017 Corruption Perception Index, sponsored by Conspiracy International, while the average corruption index in Ghana averaged at 38.75 between 1998 and 2017. He said the figure could be reduced if effective leadership is ensured.
Mr Asante also indicated that people found to be corrupt should be sanctioned, and the numerous bureaucracies in our state institutions reduced.
He lauded the paperless system currently being operated at the ports, because it reduces human interaction.
He observed that though this system has its own shortcomings, it would reduce bureaucracy and corruption at the ports.
Aside corruption, Mr Asante also indicated that rule of law, grassroots participation and effective service delivery in public institutions were some other good governance practices that, when emulated, could end some of the country’s economic woes and translate the good economic indicators into development.
On rule of law, Mr Asante indicated in the report that though Ghana has improved steadily in the Rule of Law by being the second best performers in Africa, and placing 44 in the world, traces of violent acts were being recorded.
He stated that freedom from servitude is one major problem that the country is battling with.
He observed that about 1.2 million children in the country were victims of domestic servitude. “But we can’t develop if we have all this happening in the country,” he said.
On the issue of participation, the report indicated that Ghana was doing well when it comes to grassroots participation in national issues, due to the decentralised system being practiced, Mr Asante indicated.
He said the number of districts had icreased from 65 in 1958, 215 in 2012 and 261 currently.
“The increase, though encourages participation and decision-making, the financial burden it places on the national coffers is enormous and should be looked at critically.”
Speaking about effective service delivery, the Director indicated that a lot of people were dissatisfied with the services offered by many public institutions, and, hence, seek help from private ones.
“This has caused a decline in the effectiveness of our public institutions, because not much job is given them, hence, the no corresponding checks.”
He said the citizens should help public institutions to run effectively by working hand in hand with them.
“This is the only way we can determine if they are performing well, and mete out sanctions where necessary.
Nana Osei-Bonsu, Chief Executive Officer of the Private Enterprise Foundation, who officially launched the book, said that the book is a requisite tool for businesses to rely on and compare with government reports to make meaningful decisions regarding their businesses.
He said ISSER is the only research institution in the area of economic analysis and indicators that is not controlled by the government.
He said this had earned the institution a good reputation and made its reports very accurate